City of London Cemetery

Wildlife recorded in the City of London Cemetery

Birds, Insects, Mammals

For Plants click here



The cemetery, in its location adjacent to so many other wildlife areas and its wealth of planted vegetation, means that a good variety of birds - albeit many of the "garden" varieties - are usually present. In this list only those species that have been seen in the cemetery, or are commonly seen overhead, have been included, and not those that may casually pass overhead. Those in ordinary font are thought to be usually present (in their season), those in italics rare or visitors, and those in bold may breed.


Grey Heron May be seen flying over, and occasionally visit the ponds - which contain some tasty fish!
Mallard Occasional in the ponds
Sparrowhawk Can sometimes be seen overhead, or hunting through the trees
Hobby Occasional
Kestrel Can sometimes be seen overhead,
Common Gull Frequently seen overhead
Wood Pigeon Common
Feral Pigeon Uncommon
Collared Dove Fairly Common
Tawny Owl Uncommon, but may be heard in the cemetery
Swift A common summer sight
Green Woodpecker Quite common
Great Spotted Woodpecker Quite common
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Uncommon - not recorded for some years
Swallow Passage in Spring and Autumn with some during the Summer
House Martin Much less common now
Pied Wagtail Uncommon
Wren Common
Dunnock Common
Blackcap Fairly common
Willow Warbler Uncommon
Chiffchaff Fairly Common
Goldcrest Uncommon
Robin Common
Fieldfare Sometimes seen in Winter
Blackbird Common
Redwing Sometimes seen in Winter
Song Thrush Often seen and heard
Mistle Thrush Fairly Common
Long-tailed Tit Common
Coal Tit Uncommon - but in2009/10 one of the better places in the general area to see this species
Blue Tit Common
Great Tit Common
Chaffinch Common
Greenfinch Common
Goldfinch Quite common, particularly in winter
Bullfinch Very uncommon
House Sparrow Uncommon - but increasing
Starling Common
Jay Common
Magpie Common
Carrion Crow Common
Ring-necked Parakeet One reported on 23 November 2005, but in 2010 increasingly heard flying over



About 20 species of Butterfly have been seen here, and many moths. Other insects include a variety of Grasshoppers and Crickets including Roesel's Bush Cricket Metrioptera roeselii. Some of the insects recorded are listed below.


Large Skipper Ochlodes venatus  
Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola  
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris  
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus  
Large White Pieris brassicae
Green-veined White Pieris napi
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina  
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta  
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas  
Small Heath Coenonympha pamhilus  
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae  
Small White Artogeia rapae
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria
Peacock Inachis io  
Comma Polygonia c-album  
Cinnabar Tyria jacobaeae  
Grass Moths    
Common Darter Sympetrum striolatum
Common Blue Damselfly Polyommatus icarus  
Azure Damselfly Coenagrion puella  
Roesel's Bush-cricket Metrioptera roeselii  
Meadow Grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus  
Common Green Grasshopper Omocestulus viridulus  
Common Field Grasshopper Chorthippus brunneus
Long winged cone-head Conocephalus dorsalis  
awaiting information    




Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus There seems to be a healthy population of these in the cemetery (2020)
Mole Talpa europaea Mole hills are often seen, particularly in the soft soils on the Roding embankments
Shrew Sorex araneus Can sometimes be heard in the rougher grassland
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes A very common resident, and very "tame" in the neighbourhood of the cafeteria
Squirrel Sciuris caroliensis Vey common
Muntjac Muntiacus reevesi Two or so of these have been seen by cemetery staff in recent years (2020)






Robert Hunter Memorial

Robert Hunter was born in Newburgh, Fifeshire and died at Loughton in 1897. He was lexicographer, a missionary, a geologist, and a naturalist in Aberdeen, Nagpore, Victoria Docks, Sewardstone, and Loughton. (source: RHS Bibliography).

Scottish cleric and naturalist. Worked in the Bermuda Islands and central India 1847-1855, and discovered two new minerals, hislopite and hunterite. (source: Natural History Museum)

In 1882 Hunter built his house, Forest Retreat, in Staples Road, Loughton. There is a Blue Plaque on the house - now called Forest Villa - placed by Loughton Town Council on 23 February 1997 for the centenary of his death. The inscription reads: "The Rev. Robert Hunter (1823-1897) Lexicographer and Naturalist lived here". The monument states that he died at Forest Retreat on 25th February 1897.

Robert Hunter MemorialA memorial to the Reverend Robert Hunter, 1823-1897, "author of many works besides the Encyclopaedic Dictionary", in the City of London Cemetery.

Photo and text: Paul Ferris 15/03/2008

Fungi in the City of London Cemetery

A photograph (where available) may be seen by clicking on a blue-coloured name or date

Scientific name Common Name Location and date (where known)
Agaricus arvensis Horse Mushroom 22/10/2020 Earth bank above Poplar Rd.
Agaricus campestris Field Mushroom  
Agaricus sylvaticus Wood Mushroom  
Agaricus xanthodermus Yellow Stainer 04/11/2008
Agrocybe praecox Spring Agaric  
Aleuria aurantia Orange-peel Fungus 02/12/1979 
Amanita excelsa Grey Spotted Amanita  
Amanita muscaria Fly Agaric 31/10/2007
Amanita rubescens The Blusher 31/10/2007 
Armillaria mellea agg. Honey Fungus 09/11/1980
Ascocoryne sarcoides Purple Jellydisk 03/11/2005
Auricularia auricula-judae Jelly Ear 21/01/2006
Boletus badius Bay Boletus  
Boletus chrysenteron Red-cracked Boletus 09/11/1980
Boletus edulis Cep or Penny Bun 29/10/2000
Boletus elegans / Suillus grevillei Larch Bolete oct 1981
Boletus erythropus Dotted-stemmed Bolete   
Boletus scaber Birch Bolete  13/10/1980
Boletus subtomentosus Downy Bolete 02/09/1979
Calvatia gigantea Giant Puffball  09/10/2006
Chondrostereum purpureum Silver-leaf Fungus 1977
Clavulina fusiformus Golden Spindles 31/10/2007
Clavulina (rugosa ?) Wrinkled Club 06/11/2012
Clavulinopsis sp. Golden Spindles 09/10/2006
Clavulinopsis cinerioides Coral 11/11/2020
Clavulinopsis fusiformis Golden Spindles 31/10/2007
Clavulinopsis helvola Yellow Club 03/11/2005
Clavulinopsis luteo-alba Apricot Club 09/10/2010
Clitocybe dealbata Ivory Funnel   
Clitocybe flaccida Tawny Funnel-cap  
Clitocybe infundibuliformis Common Funnel-cap  
Clitocybe nebularis Clouded Funnel-cap  
Clitocybe rivulosa   20/10/2020
Collybia butyracea   21/10/2000
Collybia dryophila    
Collybia erythropus    
Collybia peronata Wood Woolly-foot  
Coprinus atramentarius Ink Cap 22/10/2020 Shoot Hill
Coprinus comatus Lawyer's Wig 02/09/1979
Coprinus micaceus Glistening Ink Cap  
Coriolus versicolor Many-zoned Polypore  
Coryne sarcoides Purple Jellydisk  02/12/1979 
Cystoderma amianthinum Earthy Powdercap   
Dacrymyces deliquescens Common Jellyspo  
Daedaleopsis confragosa Blushing Bracket 02/11/2007 
Entoloma rhodopolium Wood Pinkgill 02/12/1979
Entoloma saundersii ?    
Erysiphe platani ? Plane Mildew 22/07/2016
Exidia glandulosa ? Witches Butter 03/11/2005
Flammulina velutipes Velvet Foot  
Ganoderma applanatum Bracket 31/10/2007
Ganoderma lucidum Lacquered Bracket 09/11/1980
Grifola frondosa Hen of the Woods 11/11/2020
Gymnopilus junonius Spectacular Rustgill 13/10/1980 
Hebeloma (crustuliniforme ?) Oison Pie 04/11/2008
Hygrocybe sp. a waxcap 21/10/2008
Hygrocybe (Camarophyllus) nivea Snowy Waxcap 04/11/2020
Hygrocybe ceracea Butter Waxcap 31/10/2007
Hygrocybe (coccinea?) Scarlet Waxcap 06/11/2012
Hygrocybe marchii Honey Waxcap  
Hygrocybe miniata VermilionWaxcap 11/11/2020
Hygrocybe nigrescens Blackening Wax-cap 06/11/2012 
Hygrocybe nivea Snowy Waxcap 06/11/2012
Hygrocybe pratensis Meadow Wax-cap  
Hygrocybe psittacina Parrot Wax-cap  
Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca False Chanterelle  
Hygrophorus eburneus ? Ivory Waxcap 06/11/2012
Hypholoma fasciculare Sulphur Tuft 31/10/2007
Laccaria laccata Deceiver 13/10/1980 
Lacrymaria velutina Weeping Widow  
Lactarius rufus Red Milk-cap  
Lactarius turpis Ugly Milk-cap 09/10/2010
Laetiporus sulphureus Chicken of the Woods  
Langermannia gigantea Giant Puff-ball  
Leucoagaricus romellii  ?
Lepiota cristata Stinking Parasol  
Lepista nuda Wood Blewit 04/11/2008 pantry gardens
Leptonia sericella    
Lycoperdon perlatum Puffball  
Lycoperdon pyriforme Stump Puffball  
Macrolepiota procera Parasol 02/09/1979; 27/10/2005
Macrolepiota rhacodes Shaggy Parasol 04/11/2008
Marasmius androsaceus Horse-hair Fungus  
Marasmius oreades Fairy Ring Champignon 02/09/1979
Meripilus giganteus Giant Polypore 13/10/1980
Merulius tremellosus (Phlebia tremellosa) Jelly Rot 21/01/2006
Mycena aetites Drab Bonnet  
Mycena alcalina Stump Bell Cap  
Mycena epipterygia Yellowleg Bonnet  
Mycena (fibula ?)   29/10/2000
Mycena flavo-alba Ivory Bonnet  
Mycena galericulata Common Bonnet 02/12/1979
Mycena leptocephala Nitrous Bonnet   
Mycena olivaceomarginata Brown Edge Bonnet   
Mycena polygramma Grooved Bonnet  13/10/1980 
Mycena swartzii    
Nectria cinnabarina Coral-spot  
Nolanea farinolens    
Panellus stipticus  ? Bitter Oyster 27/10/2005
Paxillus involutus Brown Roll-rim  
Pholiota aurivella Golden Pholoiota 31/10/2007
Pholiota lenta?    
Pholiota squarrosa Shaggy Pholiota  
Piptoporus betulinus Birch Polypore 21/01/2006
Pleurotus ostreatus Oyster Mushroom 21/01/2006
Polyporus squamosus Dryad's Saddle 12/06/1977 
Psathyrella candolleana Crumble Cap  
Psathyrella microrhiza Rootlet Brittlestem   
Pseudotrametes gibbosa Bracket  
Russula atropurpurea Black Purple Russula 29/10/2000
Russula cyanoxantha The Charcoal Burner  
Russula nigricans Blackening Russula 02/09/1979
Russula ochroleuca Common Ochre Russula  
Russula sororia Sepia Brittlegill   
Scleroderma citrinum Common Earth-ball 04/11/2008
Scleroderma verrucosum Scaly Earthball 09/10/2010
Sporotrichum ?   04/11/2008 on beech leaf
Stereum guasapatum Bleeding Oak Crust  
Stereum rameale ? a crust fungus 17/12/2006
Suillus grevellei    
Trametes versicolor Varicoloured Bracket 31/10/2007
Tricholoma gambosum St. George's Mushroom  
Tubaria furfuracea Scurfy Twiglet  
Xylaria hypoxylon Candle-snuff fungus 21/01/2006 in birch wood




Plan of the City of London Cemetery at Little Ilford in the County of Essex - 1856

Old Plan of the City of London CemeteryOld Plan of the City of London Cemetery


Recording Map showing the City of London Cemetery and the Alders Brook

The grid squares are used for wildlife recording purposes.

Map of City of London CemeteryRecording map of City of London Cemetery